1. NARRATIVE SKILLS - Being able to describe things and events and tell stories.
2. VOCABULARY - Knowing the name of objects, places, people, actions, emotions, etc.
3. PRINT MOTIVATION - Being interested in and enjoying books and being read to.
4. PRINT AWARENESS - Noticing print, understanding that print is language, knowing how to handle a book and knowing how to follow the words on a page from left to right.
5. LETTER KNOWLEDGE - Knowing letters are different from each other, knowing the sounds the letters make and recognizing letters everywhere. For phonics-based reading, a child can begin to read before knowing the names of the letters, as this can be picked up later on.
6. PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS - Being able to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words. For example: What rhymes with 'cat'? or What sound does 'ball' start with? Most children who have difficulty reading struggle with phonological awareness.
*More information can be found at: http://www.regional-sys.lib.ok.us/pr45bro.pdf
Read more about developing these pre-reading skills in my article Creating a Learning Environment. Also check out the great printables, activities, websites and resources I've posted. Some are free and others would make a worthwhile investment for your homeschool library. Of the products I personally own or have used, you can read my ratings and reviews on my Amazon.com profile page.
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